The JDPs are established for fisheries/areas that are considered a priority by the European Commission and the Member States concerned. They can refer either to European waters for which a Specific Control and Inspection Programme (SCIP) is adopted by the Commission in concert with the Member States or to International waters under the competence of a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO), where EFCA is requested to coordinate the implementation of the European obligations under the International Control and Inspection Scheme.
The JDPs consist of three phases: planning, implementation and assessment:
- The JDPs establish the planning of the fisheries control means to be deployed by the Member States at sea and ashore, the information to be shared, the communication details and common rules to ensure a cooperative deployment of the control means in the area, based in a regional risk analysis developed by the Member States and EFCA.
- The JDPs establish that the deployment of pooled national means is coordinated by EFCA through coordination centrist in charge in a Member State or the presence of national coordinators at EFCA premises. It is implemented through two common groups:
- A Regional Steering Group (RSG) composed of Commission, Member States and EFCA representatives is in charge of ensuring the proper implementation of the plan.
- A Technical Joint Deployment Group (TJDG), composed of Member States and EFCA staff, is in charge of follow-up daily the control activities and adopts the decision needed to guarantee an effective deployment of the means.
- The JDP is evaluated and assessed yearly by EFCA in cooperation with the Member States. A special attention is given to the risks for non-compliance that are considered in the risk analysis of the following period.
Through the JDPs, different elements to improve the control and inspection at a regional level are discussed and implemented. The Steering Group serves as a forum for discussion and exchange of best practices at a regional level. It includes the implementation at a regional level of projects concerning regional risk analysis, best practices for coordination and the optimum use of information tools, and the assessment of cost effectiveness of control operations.