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Black Sea

Black Sea

EFCA coordinates the implementation of the specific control and inspection programme (SCIP) established for certain fisheries in the Black Sea[1]. The encompassing objective of EFCA’s assistance to the Member States concerned is to ensure the uniform and effective implementation of conservation and control measures applicable to certain fisheries in the Black Sea, in particular turbot, sprat and fisheries exploiting species under the landing obligation.

In order to meet this objective, EFCA adopted, in cooperation with the Member States concerned, a dedicated organisational framework for operational coordination of inspection and surveillance activities in the Black Sea area, known as the Joint Deployment Plan (JDP).

The Black Sea JDP has been operative since 2019 with the participation of Bulgaria and Romania. Each year, EFCA coordinates the planning, implementation and assessment of the Black Sea joint campaign at regional level, aimed at ensuring compliance with the conservation and control measures in force, including the ones foreseen under GFCM.

On basis of an assessment of risks of non-compliance with the applicable measures, the Black Sea Steering Group elaborates an annual strategy for the implementation of joint inspection and surveillance activities to the relevant fisheries, which the Executive Director of EFCA adopts in a JDP Decision. The operational arrangements are developed and followed up by the Black Sea Technical Joint Deployment Group (TJDG), which involves close collaboration with the fisheries inspection authorities of the Member States concerned.

The operational arrangements also cover regular exchanges of inspectors to mixed and joint inspection teams, ashore and at sea, respectively. The work of mixed and joint inspection teams brings the most tangible evidence of a uniform and effective implementation of inspection and surveillance activities. To facilitate a real-time coordination, joint coordination teams may be activated at the EFCA Coordination Centre, bringing together experts from EFCA and Member States for the operational coordination of the joint campaign.

Furthermore, EFCA pays special attention to the development and application of standardisation and best practices in all aspects of inspection and surveillance operations. To this end, the EFCA works closely with the Member States concerned, at seminars for staff of fisheries monitoring centres and at workshops for inspectors. An additional level of assistance is provided by EFCA on missions to the Member States concerned, and on the missions of the EFCA chartered Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV).

The JDP organisational arrangements guarantee a high level of transparency, uniformity and effectiveness of joint inspection and surveillance activities through the establishment of permanent exchanges of data and operational information, the application of a risk management strategy at regional levels and close cooperation of the Member States concerned in the enforcement of conservation and control measures in force.



[1] Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/1986 of 13 December 2018 establishing specific control and inspection programmes for certain fisheries and repealing Implementing Decisions 2012/807/EU, 2013/328/EU, 2013/305/EU and 2014/156/EU