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European Fisheries Control Agency

Interagency cooperation areas

The areas of interagency cooperation in support of coastguard activities between EFCA, EMSA and Frontex can be classified as follows:

Area 1 - Information sharing

Sharing of information available in ship reporting systems and other information systems hosted by or accessible to the Agencies.


  • Further development of data sharing framework, and to investigate possibilities to increase interoperability between information systems
  • Identification of information gaps and possible new information products and development and launching of new services.
  • Conduct organisational and technical work to also integrate positions of assets (active during Joint Operations) in a maritime picture.
  • Continue to validate the VDS (vessel detection system) by organising joint validation campaigns.


Area 2 – Surveillance and communication services

Cooperation to use services based on state-of-the-art technology, including space-based and ground infrastructure and sensors mounted on any kind of platform.


  • Integration of RPAS data into a maritime picture (IMS, Eurosur, Fusion Services)
  • Roll-out of Frontex FWA services and EMSA RPAS services for multipurpose operations and evaluation of first results, paving the way for a new concept of common surveillance services by joint deployment of airborne (RPAS and FWAs) and seaborne means and appropriate command and control structures.


Area 3 – Capacity building

Capacity building and training by drawing up guidelines and recommendations, establishing best practices, possible sharing of relevant tools as well as by providing training and exchange of staff.


  • Assist the Commission in the preparation of the Practical Handbook of European Cooperation on Coast Guard Functions.
  • Collect training needs from Member States national authorities and Agencies staff and identification and preparation of joint training modules among agencies.
  • Identifying opportunities and preparation of joint capacity building projects for non-EU Partner Countries, taking into account existing projects.
  • Assess the need and feasibility of a common training event on Coast Guard Functions.


Area 4 – Risk analysis

Risk Assessment by enhancing the exchange of information and cooperation on coast guard functions including by analysing operational challenges and emerging risks in the maritime domain.


  • Developing an understanding of the type of data, methodology and analytical output that each agency is producing and which of these analytical products have interest for the other Agencies and can be shared with them.
  • Determine which type of analytical products can be jointly developed by the three agencies which can lead to a more comprehensive analysis of operational challenges and emerging risks in the maritime domain.
  • Test mechanisms on periodical exchange of data related to risks and threats at maritime domain.
  • Develop a first joint risk assessment of emerging risks in the Mediterranean area to contribute to the preparation and development of capacity sharing


Area 5 – Capacity sharing

“Sharing capacity” by planning and implementing multipurpose operations and by sharing assets and other capabilities, to the extent that these activities are coordinated by the Agencies and are agreed to by the competent authorities of the Member States concerned.


  • Introduction of the concept of multipurpose missions during planning and implementation of operations in the areas of mutual concern keeping a geographical balance. Planning shall be shared between the Agencies, including periods and type of operational means to be used.
  • Continue involving national authorities to steer the sharing of capacities process for multipurpose operations, look for synergies in the Agencies’ operations and provide an analysis of the results.
  • Establishment of cooperation between Agencies Operational Centres for exchange of information in real time and provision of responses to threats in the areas of operation.
  • Analyse the legal aspects that may impact the implementation of multipurpose operations in European cooperation on coast guard functions.
  • Sharing information about existing and planned sea and air surveillance capabilities (Agencies, commercial procurement, governmental assets) and preparation of a database accessible to the Agencies.